We may or may not be familiar with the word memory dump. But this is important. In this article you will learn what is, how to create, read and analyze aSmall Dump/Minimum Memory Dump file. You’ll also find out why it’s so important.
Users facing the blue screen of a fatal error may have heard about a memory dump. But most of you don’t know that. So before you go to the basics, you should have an idea of the memory dump file in Windows.
What is a memory dump in Windows?
If a system or application fails, the contents of the file are saved and displayed. This process is called memory dump. In the case of a system error or a blue screen of a fatal error, Windows stores the information related to the error in a file. It’s like a log file. The user or expert can then analyze this dump file to determine the actual causes of the system error. In Windows, there are different types of memory dumps. Here they are:
1. Full memory reset:
This is the largest memory dump file in Windows. It contains all the information related to the memory. A complete memory dump has many advantages. However, it can sometimes take up a considerable amount of disk space.
2. Resetting the main memory:
It’s much smaller than a complete memory dump. Contains all information about the kernel memory consumption at the time of the failure / system.
3. small memory dump
He’s the smallest. Contains some basic information about drivers, kernel, etc. The size is usually 128 or 256 KB. This helps to identify driver-related errors, such as the Blue Death Screen.
How to make a small memory dump / minimum memory dump
Technically, you don’t have to make a memory dump. Windows does it automatically. You can easily configure Windows to create a small memory dump or mini-dump. Here are the instructions on how to do this.
- First open the Start menu, typesysdm.cpl and press Enter. The system properties window opens.
- Now go to the Advanced tab and click Settings in Start and Recovery .
- Then click on the drop-down list in the Write Troubleshooting section. Select the small memory dump(256 KB).
- Then click OK.
Normally the default location of the minidump file is %SystemRoot%Minidump. This means that the dump file can be found underC: Minidump But you can change it if you want.
How to read and analyze a mini file
You have just configured your PC so that you can create a small memory dump file. For example, if you encounter a blue-green error, all memory information is stored in a file. But what are you going to do next? How can you read this? How do you know what the problem is? It’s actually a very simple process.
BlueScreen-Viewer too smallMemory image file
Many thanks to NirSoft. They have created a simple blue screen display program that can read and analyze a small memory dump file. You can download it here. Unzip it and open it on your computer. Then just look at the mini-file and read it.
When you open the minidump file in the blue screen viewer, it shows you a set of basic data. You will find the highlighted problem files that led to the last blue screen with fatal errors.
Finding the right driver
The problem is that when you scan a dump file, the .sys file name is highlighted. In fact, this is the driver of your computer. For example, bcmwl63a.sys is connected to theBroadcom WiFidriver. But how do you know that? There are two simple options. You can just follow these instructions.
- First go toC: System32 Driver.
- You’ll see a list of .sys files. Just search for the one you found, marked in the blue screen viewer.
- Then click the right mouse button and get access to its properties.
- Then click on the Details tab.
- You can see the driver information in the description.
If you don’t like it, you can search Google for the .sys driver name. This will help you find the real name of the problematic driver.
So you have already understood that the mini-dump file is very important in determining the cause of a Windows error. Once you have found the problematic driver, you can update, reset or remove it to solve your problem.
We hope this article will help to make a smallmemory dump. This will also help identify and solve various system problems in Windows.
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